The Roan Antelope (Hippotragus equinus) is the largest antelope among the Hippotragus genus an is only exceeded in size by the Buffalo and the Eland. The Roan has a brown to amber short, smooth coat with lighter underbellies, white eyebrows and cheecks and black faces. They have short erect manes extending from the back to the neck along the midline of the back up to the rump. They have ringed horns that arch backwards slightly, with the males exhibiting slightly longer horns than the females.
The roan grows to a shoulder height of 135 – 160 centimeters (53 – 63 inches) tall and weighs 230 – 320 kilograms (510 – 710 pounds).
The Roan Antelope is found in the savannas of West, East, Central and Southern Africa. They prefer to graze on grass but depending on the habitat they will also feed on shrubs, herbs and Acacia tree pods. They inhabit areas where water is easily accessible to be able to drink water regularly.
The Roan Antelope do not have fixed territories, but the dominant male will live with a herd of anywhere from six to 20 females and young and will exclude other males from a 500 mile radius around its herd.
Births are more common during the rainy season although they can also breed year-round. The females has a gestation period of 9 moths and when the calf is born the mother will hide it in tall grass and will not wander too far from her young. When the calf joins the herd they group together in crèches. The calves of the Roan Antelope have a very high mortality rate in the first seven weeks since there were born. The Roan have a lifespan of around 17 years.